Taoist Glossaries

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Taoist Terms and Explanations
Chinese Pronunciation Literal meaning Translated to Explanation
Cantonese Mandarin
Dhoe Dao
  • way; path
  • the universal truth
  • the supreme perfection
  • the origin
  • the wholeness

  • Tao;
    the Principle of Nature;
  • the way to the supreme perfection

  • the teachings that lead living beings to the Perfection

  • the fundamental principle of universes

  • the unsurpassed, supreme perfection.

    The achievement of this perfection is called "The Gain of Dhoe" .

  • the origin of all

  • all times and all universes
  • Dhug De
  • virtue; merit
  • moral
  • gain
  • Dug;
    gain; obtain; achieve
  • virtue; merit

  • moral; morality

  • the gain of merits, virtues, or the prime energy
  • Dhug De gain; obtain; achieve; gain; obtain; achieve is another form of
    Ging Jing
  • scripture; sacred text; holy text
  • classic; book
  • thread;
  • longitude
  • principle
  • channel
  • path; road
  • Ging; King;
  • Jing; Ching;
  • scripture; classic; canon; book; sutra;
  • channel; energy channel
  • sacred text; classic

  • path to the truth

  • energy channels inside one's body
  • Fard Far
  • law; rule; regulation; principle

  • norm; standard; model;

  • method; way; approach  technique

  • follow the laws of; follow the example of; abide by the law; according to law
  • Law; principle

  • teaching; doctrine; Dharma

  • technique; method
  • The principles, teachings, techniques, and rites relating to Tao are usually called
  • the nature of the sun/male;
  • positive
  • Yeong;
  • the nature of the sun/male

  • the qualities of sun/male, such as brightness, heat, power, selflessness, impartiality, etc.

  • positive

  • visible; noticed; open
  • Yarm;
  • the nature of the moon/female;
  • negative;
  • the opposite of Yeong
  • Yarm;
  • the nature of the moon/female

  • the qualities of moon/female, such as softness, gentleness, etc.

  • negative

  • the opposite of Yeong, the nature/qualities of lower-worlds/hells, such as darkness, cold, etc.

  • hidden; unnoticed; private
  • Hey Qi the original, primary energy; the energy that always exists, even before the creation of universes
  • the original/prime energy;
  • the uncreated energy;
  • the supreme energy;
  • The origin
  • the original, purest, lightest, and most pellucid energy; the prime motive force of universes and all living beings;
    Hey Qi
  • energy
  • gas
  • atmosphere
  • air
  • breath
  • meteorology
  • solar term
  • odor; smell
  • energy
  • the created energy
  • vital energy
  • gas
  • breath
  • air

  • and so forth
  • the created energy, a mixture of uncreated energy and other materials.

  • gas; atmosphere; air; breath; smell; and so forth

  • In some texts, has the same meaning as
  • Yud Yi
  • one
  • first
  • origin
  • wholeness
  • same; identical
  • every; each
  • certain
  • only; single
  • the One; the origin; the source; the root; the oneness; the wholeness
  • first
  • same; identical
  • every; each
  • certain
  • only; single
  • the original pivot/source/root of a living being or an universe.

    If one knows this pivot and keeps holding it (), he will achieve Tao .

  • In certain cases, "" is the same as ""
  • Zorng Zhong
  • middle; central; center
  • core
  • the middle;
  • the center;
  • the core
  • "" in Taoist texts has a similar meaning as "", see above.

  • keeping/holding it is called
  • Tzun Zhen
  • true; real;
  • truth; reality
  • true; real;
  • truth; reality
  • the original nature
  • the immortality
  • the ultimate truth
  • Physical bodies and material worlds are false/illusionary, and the Reality transcending them is True, thus:

    Taoist practices are called "Cultivating the True" , or "Cultivating the True by using the False" ;

    A person who has achieved Tao is called "True person" or "Real person" ;

    A scripture that leads us to the reality is called "True scripture" or "Truthful scripture"

  • is also written as
  • Sam Tsing San Qing the three pure pellucid ones
  • The Three Pure Pellucid Ones
  • The Three Pure Ones;
  • The Three Clarities
  • The Three Purities
  • The Three Pure Pellucid Ones are the highest divinities in Taoism. They are:

    The Jade Pure Pellucid One : The Original Universal Lord ;

    The Superior Pure Pellucid One : The Universal Lord of Divinity And Treasure ;

    The Ultra Pure Pellucid One : The Universal Lord of Way(Tao) And Virtue

  • They also represent the three divine natures of all living beings.
  • Sam Boe San Bao
  • the three treasures;

  • the three preciousness
  • the three treasures
  • the three preciousness
  • the three jewels
  • the triple jewels
  • The three treasures are:
    1. Tao;
    2. Scriptures (Teachings of Tao);
    3. Teachers (of Tao)
  • The three internal treasures are:

    1. Tzing: essence; sexual energy;

    2. Hey: vital energy;

    3. Sun: divinity; divine nature; true self; spiritual energy

  • Sex cells (sperm/eggs) are produced from vital energies, and vital energies are produced from divinities

    A mundane person's vital energy and divinity (spiritual power) are weak because he often wastes his sexual energies;

    A Tao-cultivator accumulates his Three Treasures, so that his sexual energies will be transmuted back into vital energies, and his vital energies will be transmuted back into spiritual energies, then his divinity (True Self) will become stronger, and he will achieve Tao.
  • Tzing Jing
  • essence; quintessence
  • essential; refined;
  • sex cells (sperm/egg)
  • star
  • sunlight or moonlight
  • the Essential Vigour
  • sexual energy
  • essence
  • sex cells (sperm/semen/egg)
  • There are two kinds of Essence (Tzing ):

    1. uncreated Essence

    2. created Essence: sex cells.

    Every living being is always losing his Uncreated Essence, especially during sexual excitement, orgasm, and ejaculation

    A human being or animal loses his Created Essence when he is having sex, ejaculating, or ovulating
  • Sun Shen
  • divine nature; sacrosanct nature

  • divinity; god; deity; soul(s); spirit; omniscience;
  • god; divinity; deity; spirit;  true self; soul(s); angel One must accumulate his Three Treasures to nurture his divine nature and become a divinity.

    One's divinity has something to do with his souls.
    Tin Tian
  • summit; head; top
  • sky
  • heaven; paradise
  • nature
  • heaven
  • sky
  • heaven

  • sky

  • the top part of an universe

  • the top part of a body: one's head and the area above it.

    see the Pictures for cultivating the Reality for detail
  • Day Di
  • earth
  • ground; land; fields
  • territory
  • place; locality; position
  • earth
  • ground
  • stage
  • place
  • earth; ground; etc.

  • the lower part of an universe

  • the lower part of a body.

    In the Pictures for cultivating the Reality, there are many hells in the lower part of one's body.
  • Seen Tin Xian Tian before heaven; before all
  • uncreated;
  • prenatal; unborn;
  • non-produced;
  • pre-cosmic;
  • natural;
  • Before-Heaven;
  • Early Heaven;
  • A Before-Heaven thing exists forever, even before the creation of a universe or body
    Hao Tin Hou Tian after heaven
  • created; produced;
  • postnatal;
  • artificial
  • An After-Heaven thing exists after its birth and dies out at the end of its lifespan.
    Seen Xian immortal supernatural person
  • immortal; immortal person;
  • supernatural person;
  • seer;
  • celestial being
  • A successful cultivator of Tao.

    There are several kinds of immortals():

  • A lower level immortal person has a human flesh body, but never becomes old, he can live in the human world for as long time as he like.

  • A higher level immortal person has matured his divine body so that he can abandon his flesh body;

  • An even higher level immortal has not only matured his divine body, but also converted his flesh body into light (photons). he can transform himself to anything and can have many dividing bodies, so that he can appear as various forms synchronously at many places, or be invisible to human eyes.

  • For an immortal of the level higher than the above, the whole universe is his body, all things in the universe are his manifestations. he can also appear as an individual being, but even heavenly gods cannot recognize him.
  • Whun Hun a soul of Yeong
  • Whun;
  • Hun;
  • Yeong soul;
  • soul of Yang;
  • positive soul;
  • sunny soul;
  • holy soul
  • A normal person has ten souls, three of them are Yeong, called Whun, and seven of them are Yarm, called Pug.

    They are often mentioned together as The Three Whuns and Seven Pugs:

    View their pictures

    These souls affect one's wisdom, behaviors, appearance, health, fortune, etc.

    Some Taoist Scriptures talk about them in detail.
    Po/Bo soul of Yarm
  • PUG; PUK;
  • Po; Bo;
  • soul of Yarm;
  • soul of Yin;
  • negative soul;
  • dark soul;
  • shady soul;
  • nether soul
  • Sam See San Shi the three corpses
  • the three Corpses
  • the three Corpse-Spirits;
  • the three spirits;
  • the three dead bodies;
  • three spirits that live in every normal person's body.

    View their pictures

    A Tao cultivator must defeat them to overcome his desires, greed, delusions, etc.
    Gau Tsong Jiu Chong the nine worms the nine kinds of worms; the nine worms the nine kinds of worms that live in one's body.

    The three Corpses and the nine kinds of worms are often mentioned together as
    Hey Qi container container;
    A body is like a rechargeable battery, so that it is often called "container" or "container of Tao".

    Normally, a living being's body leaks energy uninterruptedly so that he becomes older and older and finally die; however, one who knows how to recharge and prevent the leaking can accumulate more and more energy, refine his souls and body, and become a divinity.

    A flesh body is filthy and heavy, but it is also very valuable because it is a container for subliming.
    Yerg Yao medicine Elixir;
    Holy Medicine;
    The thing used to make Dharns
    Dharn / Dhaan Dan red;
    pill of immortality
    Elixir Ball;
    Energy Pellet
    The thing made of Yerg (Medicine)
    In some translations, both Dharn and Yerg are translated into "Elixir".
    Dharn Tin Dan Tian Farmland of Dharm;
    Field of Dharn
    Dharn Farmland;
    Elixir Field;
    Cinnabar field;
    a major energy storage in a body

  • There are three well known Dharn-Farmlands, which are:

    1. The upper Dharn-Farmland in one's head;

    2. The middle Dharn-Farmland near one's chest;

    3. The lower Dharn-Farmland near one's navel
  • Gwok Guo nation; state country; nation; state; kingdom; In Taoist Scriptures, "nation", "world", "universe", "heavens and earths", "mountains, rivers and the ground", etc. also mean a microcosm, that is, a living being.
    Yiu Yu fish fish In Taoist Scriptures, "fish" is another metaphor. The Tie-Gic Picture is considered to be formed by the two fishes of Yarm and Yeong.
    Doe/Tow Dao steal;
    The terms "steal" and "thief" can be found in some Taoist scriptures and Zen scriptures.

    "Steal" is a metaphor for a secret way of accumulating merits and virtues, and a cultivator of such a Way is sometimes called "thief".

    Anyway, such kind of "stealing" does not violate the precept against stealing.
    Tsuk Zei thief thief
    Ding Ding a three-legged ancient vessel cauldron;
    an ancient cooking vessel
    This vessel has three legs, and many foods of the five flavors may be cooked and mixed inside it, therefore it is used in many Scriptures as a metaphor for the container of Tao

    More Taoist Glossaries

  • Taoism and the Arts of China - Glossary of Terms

  • Glossary of Daoist Studies Terms

  • A Brief Glossary of Terms in the Dao De Jing

  • Glossary (English-Chinese) - eng.taoism.org.hk

  • Glossary of Taoism - religionfacts.com

  • Online Chinese-English Dictionaries

  • CantoDict: Chinese-English Dictionary

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